The Biden Administration Takes Action Against “Junk” Health Insurance Plans

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The Biden administration has made a significant move to address the issue of inadequate health insurance coverage that leaves consumers with unexpected medical bills. In a new rule proposal announced on Friday, the administration aims to reverse the expansion of short-term limited-duration health insurance plans, which were previously exempt from the consumer protections established by the Affordable Care Act.

Unlike ACA-compliant plans, these short-term plans often lack coverage for pre-existing conditions, essential benefits such as prescription drugs, and may impose limits on services through annual or lifetime dollar caps. Many individuals who believed they were purchasing comprehensive coverage have faced substantial medical expenses due to the limitations hidden within the fine print of these plans.

President Joe Biden strongly criticized this misleading practice at a recent White House event, stating, “That’s not health insurance. That’s a scam.”

Under the proposed rule, issued jointly by the Department of Health and Human Services, along with the Labor and Treasury departments, short-term health plans would be significantly limited. The maximum coverage period for such plans would be three months, extended to a maximum of four months if necessary. This marks a reversal from the 2018 federal rules that extended short-term plan coverage from three months to one year and allowed for renewals that could extend the total coverage period to up to three years.

Importantly, the administration has assured that existing policies will be grandfathered in under the new rule. This means that individuals currently covered by short-term plans will not lose their coverage.

In conclusion, the Biden administration’s proposed rule aims to protect consumers from the risks associated with “junk” health insurance plans. By limiting the duration of short-term plans and rolling back their exemptions from essential consumer protections, the administration strives to ensure that individuals have access to comprehensive and reliable health insurance coverage.

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Reimagining Health Insurance: Investing in Real Coverage


The Advocates Speak Out

Margaret Murray, the CEO of the Association for Community Affiliated Plans, firmly asserts that short-term health insurance plans cannot replace comprehensive coverage. According to Murray, these plans offer a false sense of security that jeopardizes the physical and financial well-being of consumers[^1^].

On the other side of the aisle, House Ways and Means Committee chair Jason Smith criticizes the Biden administration’s actions, claiming that they undermine an affordable insurance option for many Americans[^2^]. In Smith’s view, limiting short-term plans will curb competition in the healthcare market and lead to increased costs.

An Alternative Solution

While the debate continues, Karen Pollitz, a senior fellow at the health policy nonprofit KFF, offers an alternative perspective. She highlights the availability of zero-premium policies under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) marketplaces, which come with all the necessary protections[^3^]. Pollitz argues that with enhanced subsidies in place until 2025, many individuals may qualify for this coverage option.


The regulation surrounding short-term health insurance plans has sparked a contentious dialogue among policymakers and experts. While opponents emphasize the dangers of these plans, proponents stress the need for affordable alternatives. As the healthcare landscape evolves, it is crucial to consider all perspectives and strike a balance between accessibility and comprehensiveness in coverage options.

[^1^]: Margaret Murray, CEO of the Association for Community Affiliated Plans. [^2^]: Jason Smith, House Ways and Means Committee chair. [^3^]: Karen Pollitz, senior fellow at health policy nonprofit KFF.

The Impact of Short-Term Health Plans

The true effect of short-term health plans remains largely unknown due to a lack of available data. When the U.S. Government Accountability Office attempted to study these plans and their role in providing coverage for those who lost employer-sponsored health insurance during the COVID-19 pandemic, they encountered significant gaps in information. The GAO report stated that “limited and inconsistent data hinder understanding” of these plans and their utilization.

One reason for this knowledge gap is the lack of reporting requirements for short-term health plans. State insurance regulators have minimal information about the size of the market because enrollment data is typically not mandated to be reported. As the National Association of Insurance Commissioners confirms, this information gap makes it difficult to assess the true extent of short-term health plan usage.

According to a 2020 report from the House Committee on Energy and Commerce, approximately 3 million people were enrolled in short-term limited-duration plans across nine insurers in the 2019 plan year. This figure represented an increase from 2.4 million enrollees in 2018, highlighting the growing popularity of these plans.

Personal Experience: A Costly Lesson

Cory Dowd, a consumer who purchased a short-term health plan in 2018 after completing a stint in the Peace Corps, shared his personal experience at a White House event. Dowd explained that he wanted to be proactive and safeguard himself against unexpected emergencies by obtaining coverage. However, his optimism quickly turned to dismay when he underwent emergency surgery to remove his appendix a few months later.

Unexpectedly, Dowd found himself burdened with a $37,000 hospital bill. He discovered that his insurance plan had imposed limits on certain expenses, including emergency surgeries, which were hidden away in the fine print. This revelation left Dowd grappling with both financial and emotional consequences.

“This experience took a toll on my self-esteem and my identity,” Dowd said, expressing his sense of responsibility in taking care of himself. While national news coverage of his situation ultimately convinced the insurance company to cover the bill, Dowd recognized that not everyone is as fortunate.

Moving Forward

The lack of comprehensive data on short-term health plans raises concerns about their overall impact and leaves many individuals vulnerable to unexpected medical costs. As policymakers examine the landscape of healthcare coverage options, it becomes vital to gather accurate information and better understand the implications of short-term plans. Only through comprehensive knowledge can appropriate measures be taken to protect consumers and ensure their access to the healthcare they need.

The Impact of Confusing Marketing Messages on Consumers’ Health Coverage Choices

[_Research has shown_] that consumers shopping for individual coverage can be bombarded by confusing and misleading marketing messages from plans that don’t offer the ACA’s protections. This important issue has caught the attention of the government administration, which aims to address it effectively. The administration plans to seek public input on additional measures to ensure that consumers fully understand what they’re buying, particularly during ACA open-enrollment periods when competition among plans is intense.

The Need for Consumer Understanding

The complexity of insurance policies often leaves consumers unaware of the limitations and coverage restrictions associated with certain plans. Neera Tanden, a White House domestic-policy adviser, highlighted this concern during a recent call with reporters. “[_Often_], consumers think they’re buying insurance that provides some decent coverage, not realizing these junk plans can limit what they cover and how much they cover.”

Karen Pollitz from KFF (Kaiser Family Foundation) echoed this sentiment, emphasizing the confusion often faced by consumers. She stated, “Insurance is seriously confusing. If someone is marketing you a policy and telling you it’s such a great deal, people get taken in by that.”

The Evolution of Short-Term Health Plans

Originally designed for individuals experiencing temporary gaps in coverage due to reasons like job transitions, short-term health plans have undergone significant changes in recent years. The 2018 expansion of these plans coincided with the removal of the requirement for individuals to have minimum essential health coverage or face penalties in 2019. Consequently, consumers now have the option to rely on short-term health plans instead of enrolling in comprehensive health coverage.

Balancing Consumer Choice and Coverage Adequacy

While short-term plans offer flexibility to those seeking temporary coverage solutions, concerns exist regarding their adequacy in providing comprehensive protection. As a result, some states have implemented limitations on the sale of short-term plans in an effort to safeguard consumers’ interests.

Key Players in the Market

UnitedHealth Group Inc’s UnitedHealthcare and’s Pivot Health are among the insurers offering short-term health plans. However, these companies refrained from commenting on the proposed ruling and remarks made by the White House.

Despite ongoing efforts to address the issue of confusing marketing messages, more work needs to be done to ensure consumers make informed decisions about their health coverage. By promoting transparency and enhancing consumer understanding, policymakers and industry stakeholders can navigate the challenges posed by junk plans effectively.

Plans to Protect Consumers from Inadequate Health Coverage


The administration is proposing new rules to enhance the transparency and protection provided by fixed-indemnity plans. These plans, which aim to replace lost income during illness, would be required to disclose important information to enrollees. The proposed rules seek to clarify that fixed-indemnity plans offer defined benefits, such as a specific daily amount for sickness, rather than comprehensive insurance coverage.

Benefits of the Proposed Rule

The American Hospital Association has expressed its support for the administration’s proposal, highlighting the potential benefits for consumers. According to the hospital association, the rule, if finalized, will play a crucial role in safeguarding patients from unexpected coverage denials.

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